Question: What Is Poland Syndrome?

Poland syndrome is a disorder in which affected individuals are born with missing or underdeveloped muscles on one side of the body, resulting in abnormalities that can affect the chest, shoulder, arm, and hand. The extent and severity of the abnormalities vary among affected individuals.

What is the cause of Poland syndrome?

The cause of Poland syndrome is unknown. It may be from a blockage of blood flow to the chest, shoulder, arm, and hand muscles while a baby is developing in the womb.

How serious is Poland syndrome?

Rarely, Poland syndrome can cause spinal health complications. It may also lead to kidney problems. Severe cases may lead to a misplacement of the heart on the right side of your chest.

Is Poland syndrome a disability?

If you or your dependent(s) are diagnosed with Poland Syndrome and experience any of these symptoms, you may be eligible for disability benefits from the U.S. Social Security Administration.

What does it feel like to have Poland syndrome?

Poland syndrome is a rare congenital condition that causes missing or underdeveloped muscles on one side of the body. The symptoms may include the partial or complete absence of chest muscles and unusually short, webbed fingers on the same side of the body. The symptoms of Poland syndrome can range from mild to severe.

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Is Poland syndrome genetic?

Most cases of Poland syndrome are sporadic, which means they are not inherited and occur in people with no history of the disorder in their families. Rarely, this condition is passed through generations in families.

Does Poland syndrome affect the brain?

All these symptoms occur on one side of the body (unilateral). Also, it is important to note that Poland anomaly does not typically affect intelligence.

How much does it cost to fix Poland syndrome?

A unilateral correction of Poland syndrome for a man may cost between six and eight thousand dollars. Most women require a bilateral procedure and therefore the cost for correction of a woman’s Poland syndrome has a much more variable range. Women can expect a cost of between five and eleven thousand dollars.

Can you join the military with Poland syndrome?

The syndrome is not hereditary and is of unknown origin. If the syndrome was diagnosed prior to enlistment the potential recruit would normally be graded P8, and unfit to enlist. However, these individuals had managed to pass routine medical examination as well as successfully complete basic training.

Is Poland syndrome covered by insurance?

Surgical treatment of a chest wall deformity associated with Poland syndrome, including breast reconstruction, is considered medically necessary. Coverage of breast reconstruction is limited to a one- or two-stage approach to correct breast asymmetry.

Is Poland syndrome rare?

Poland Syndrome is a rare condition that is evident at birth (congenital). Associated features may be extremely variable from case to case.

Who discovered Poland anomaly?

In 1841, Sir Alfred Poland described this chest wall anomaly in the Guy’s Hospital Gazette while still a medical student, based on findings of one cadaver dissection.

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Does Fernando Alonso have Poland syndrome?

Formula One World Champion Fernando Alonso is affected by Poland syndrome; he is missing the right pectoral muscle.

What are the characteristics of Williams syndrome?

Newborns with Williams syndrome have characteristic “elfin-like” facial features including an unusually small head (microcephaly), full cheeks, an abnormally broad forehead, puffiness around the eyes and lips, a depressed nasal bridge, broad nose, and/or an unusually wide and prominent open mouth.

What affects thoracic muscular wall?

Kyphoscoliosis, congenital disorders of the chest wall, and morbid obesity are the chest wall disorders that most commonly lead to the development of cor pulmonale and chronic respiratory insufficiency. In patients with these disorders, a stiff thorax imposes a very considerable elastic load on the respiratory muscles.

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