Quick Answer: Who Got All The Territory Of Upper Silesia Between Poland And Germany?

Germany got most of the territory and population of Upper Silesia, but Poland was allotted almost 1,300 square miles (3,400 square km), containing 1,000,000 inhabitants, three-quarters of Upper Silesia’s coal-producing area, and two-thirds of its steelworks.

Did Germany Lose Upper Silesia?

Nazi Germany reacquired Upper Silesia with its conquest of Poland in 1939. The Germans killed or deported many educated Silesian Poles during World War II and filled the area with German settlers. But German-held Silesia was overrun in early 1945 by the Soviet Red Army.

Who was given Upper Silesia?

Many country communes of Upper Silesia had given Polish majorities. Overall, however, the Germans won the vote by a measure of 59.4% to 40.6%. The Interallied Commission deliberated, but the British proposed a more easterly border than the French, which would have given much less of the Industrial Triangle to Poland.

How did the league solve the Upper Silesia dispute between Germany and Poland?

In the same year, 1921, the League was equally successful in Upper Silesia. The Treaty of Versailles had given the people of Upper Silesia the right to have a referendum on whether they wanted to be part of Weimar Germany or part of Poland. In this referendum, 700,000 voted for Germany and 500,000 for Poland.

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When did Silesia become German?

The Silesia region was part of the Prussian realm since 1740 and established as an official province in 1815. It became part of the German Empire in 1871. This is the region featured in this article.

Why did Poland get Silesia?

Culturally German for centuries, Silesia was given to Poland after World War I, fell to the Nazis in 1939, and reverted to Poland after World War II in compensation for the loss of its eastern provinces to the Soviet Union. Nearly all its Germans were forcibly repatriated to Allied-administered West Germany.

Where is Upper Silesia in Poland?

Geography. Upper Silesia is situated on the upper Oder River, north of the Eastern Sudetes mountain range and the Moravian Gate, which form the southern border with the historic Moravia region.

Who got Upper Silesia in 1921?

❖ In 1921 a plebiscite was organised by the League to decide whether Upper Silesia would become German or Polish territory. Britain and France sent troops to ensure the vote was democratic. ❖ Germany won 60% of the votes, but Poland argued that many of those that voted for Germany did not live in Upper Silesia.

Is Wrocław in Upper Silesia?

The largest city and Lower Silesia’s capital is Wrocław; the historic capital of Upper Silesia is Opole. In the 10th century, Silesia was incorporated into the early Polish state, and after its division in the 12th century it became a Piast duchy.

When was the Upper Silesia dispute?

Weimar Republic Upper Silesia on March 20, 1921, an overall majority voted to remain with Germany. Therefore, Germany claimed that the whole area should remain German.

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Who got the Aaland Islands?

The peace settlement at the end of the war changed the geography of Europe and affected the borders of many countries. Both Sweden and Finland claimed the Aaland Islands. Historically, the islands were Finnish but the population wanted to be Swedish.

Who came up with the idea of the League of Nations and what were its core goals?

Wilson envisioned an organization that was charged with resolving conflicts before they exploded into bloodshed and warfare. By December of the same year, Wilson left for Paris to transform his 14 Points into what would become the Treaty of Versailles.

Did the League of Nations achieve anything?

In addition, the League extended considerable aid to refugees; it helped to suppress white slave and opium traffic; it did pioneering work in surveys of health; it extended financial aid to needy states; and it furthered international cooperation in labor relations and many other fields.

Who ruled Silesia?

Prussian, German, and Austrian control Silesia went to Austrian control with the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years’ War.

Who are the Silesian people?

“Silesian,” in today’s literature, has come to refer to two distinct groups: ” Polish-speaking Prussians” and “German-speaking Poles.” Both these groups exist as cultural and ethnic minority enclaves within the larger political entity that serves as their host.

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